Discussion paper

DP17781 Internationalizing Like China

We empirically characterize how China is internationalizing the Renminbi by staggering the entry of different types of foreign investors into its domestic bond market and propose a dynamic reputation model to explain this strategy. Our framework rationalize China’s strategy as trying to build credibility as an international currency issuer while reducing the cost of capital flight. We provide a sufficient statistic to measure countries' reputation over time and show that it can be estimated using micro data on foreign investors' portfolios. We use our framework to explore how countries compete to become a reserve currency provider.


Clayton, C, A Dos Santos, M Maggiori and J Schreger (2023), ‘DP17781 Internationalizing Like China‘, CEPR Discussion Paper No. 17781. CEPR Press, Paris & London. https://cepr.org/publications/dp17781