Discussion paper

DP2227 Restructuring as a Signal: A Simple Formalization

Several studies stressed that contrary to initial expectations, state-owned firms at the beginning of transition undertook painful measures to adjust to the new economic environment. This Paper investigates this behaviour in a simple game, a theoretic framework. It is argued that the massive amount of lay-offs created by state-owned firms during the initial phase of transition can be interpreted as a signal directed to the banking sector in order to obtain more favourable financing conditions for the subsequent process of restructuring. The conclusions are strongly supported by Polish firm level empirical evidence.


Colombo, E (1999), ‘DP2227 Restructuring as a Signal: A Simple Formalization‘, CEPR Discussion Paper No. 2227. CEPR Press, Paris & London. https://cepr.org/publications/dp2227