Discussion paper

DP5285 Labour Pooling in R&D Intensive Industries

We investigate firms' incentives to locate in the same region to gain access to a large pool of skilled labour. Firms engage in risky R&D activities and thus create stochastic product and implied labour demand. Agglomeration in a cluster is more likely in situations where the innovation step is large and the probability for a firm to be the only innovator is high. When firms cluster, they tend to invest more and take more risk in R&D compared to spatially dispersed firms. Agglomeration is welfare-maximizing, because expected labour productivity is higher and firms choose a more efficient, technically diversified portfolio of R&D projects at the industry level.


Gerlach, H and T Rønde (2005), ‘DP5285 Labour Pooling in R&D Intensive Industries‘, CEPR Discussion Paper No. 5285. CEPR Press, Paris & London. https://cepr.org/publications/dp5285