Maria Guadalupe is an Associate Professor at Columbia Business School. Her research is in the area of organisational and personnel economics. In her work, she has studied how the competitive environment faced by firms shapes their internal organisational choices, including pay levels, incentives, executive compensation and hierarchical structures. She has also studied the effect of corporate governance arrangements on firm performance. Another strand of her work focuses on how multinationals select their foreign targets and the productivity consequences of the changes in firm boundaries. She received her PhD in economics from the London School of Economics and her BA in economics from the Universidad de Barcelona.