Ph.D. in Economics (International Finance) at Sciences-Po Paris, Pilar Nogues-Marco is an Associate Professor in Economic History at the University of Geneva (Paul Bairoch Institute) and a Research Fellow at Centre for Economic Policy Research (CEPR). Her research focuses on monetary and financial history from the early modern period to nowadays. Before joining the University of Geneva in 2015, she held teaching and research positions at Carlos III University of Madrid, University Pompeu Fabra, Sciences-Po Paris, and University of Barcelona.