DP16050 Effects of State-Dependent Forward Guidance, Large-Scale Asset Purchases and Fiscal Stimulus in a Low-Interest-Rate Environment
|Author(s):||Günter Coenen, Carlos Montes-Galdon, Frank Smets|
|Publication Date:||April 2021|
|Keyword(s):||asset purchases, effective lower bound, Euro Area, Fiscal policy, forward guidance, monetary policy|
|JEL(s):||E31, E32, E37, E52, E62|
|Programme Areas:||Monetary Economics and Fluctuations|
|Link to this Page:||cepr.org/active/publications/discussion_papers/dp.php?dpno=16050|
We study the incidence and severity of periods with a binding effective lower bound on nominal interest rates and the efficacy of three types of state-dependent policies-forward guidance about the path of future interest rates, large-scale asset purchases and spending based fiscal stimulus-in mitigating the detrimental consequences of the lower bound. Based on the ECB's New Area-Wide Model of the euro area, our findings suggest that, if unaddressed, the lower bound can cause substantial macroeconomic distortions. In the near term, forward guidance, if fully credible, is most powerful and can largely undo the distortions due to the lower bound. A combination of imperfectly credible forward guidance, asset purchases and fiscal stimulus is almost equally effective, especially when asset purchases enhance the credibility of the forward-guidance policy via a signalling effect. In the long run, with an equilibrium real rate as low as zero, a combination of all three policies is needed to materially reduce the distortions.