DP3385 Economic Geography and the Role of Profits
|Author(s):||Pierre M Picard, Jacques-François Thisse, Eric Toulemonde|
|Publication Date:||May 2002|
|Keyword(s):||economic geography, imperfect competition, product differentiation|
|Programme Areas:||International Trade and Regional Economics|
|Link to this Page:||cepr.org/active/publications/discussion_papers/dp.php?dpno=3385|
In modern economies, the amount of profits distributed to shareholders is far from being negligible. We show that the way profits are distributed among agents matters for the space-economy. For example, the existence of mobile rentiers is sufficient to make the symmetric configuration unstable for all transport cost values and to make partial agglomeration of firms stable. Obviously, to account for profits and for their distribution, the assumption of free entry must be abandoned. So doing, we ignore fixed costs and show that it is imperfect competition more than increasing returns that matters for the formation of agglomeration in economic geography.