DP13621 Building consensus: Shifting strategies in the territorial targeting of Turkey's public transport investment
A growing amount of research explores how the allocation of regional development monies follows electoral reasons. Yet, the existing literature on distributive politics provides different and contrasting expectations on which geographical areas will be targeted. We focus on proportional representation (PR) systems. While in such settings governments have incentives to target core districts and punish foes’, we suggest that when incumbents attempt to build a state-party image they may broaden the territorial allocation of benefits and even target opposition out-groups. We exploit data on Turkey’s public transport investment for the period 2003-2014 and in-depth interviews to provide results in support of our hypothesis.