Discussion paper

DP17464 Dynastic Home Equity

Using a nationally-representative panel of consumer credit records for the US from 1999 to 2021, we document a positive correlation between child and parent homeownership. We propose a new causal mechanism behind this relationship: parents extract home equity to help finance their child's home purchase. To identify the mechanism, we use fixed effect, event study, local projection and matching methods. We find that children whose parents extract equity: (i) are 60-80% more likely to become homeowners; (ii) have lower leverage at origination; and (iii) buy higher-valued homes and at a younger age. The effects are stronger when housing affordability is worse and children's financial constraints are more likely to bind. Using a simple structural model, we find that in a counterfactual economy with no role for parental equity, intergenerational homeownership mobility increases.


Benetton, M, M Kudlyak and (2022), ‘DP17464 Dynastic Home Equity‘, CEPR Discussion Paper No. 17464. CEPR Press, Paris & London. https://cepr.org/publications/dp17464