Discussion paper

DP19052 Gender Gaps among Scholars in Economics: Analysis across Cohorts

We study the evolution of gender gaps, both in terms of representation and research output, among cohorts of scholars in economics over the past 9 decades (1933-2019) using a sample of economists who have published at least once in any of the 36 high-impact journals Card et al. (2022). With respect to representation, there has been a clear increase of the female share among scholars, but we find evidence of both vertical segregation based on prominence and horizontal segregation based on research fields. With respect to gender gaps in output, women publish fewer articles than men, and more concerningly, the negative gender gap showed no sign of convergence since the 1940s, although there is substantial heterogeneity in the type of publication. The negative gender gap in publications is mostly explained by women having shorter active academic careers.


Ayarza, A and N Iriberri (2024), ‘DP19052 Gender Gaps among Scholars in Economics: Analysis across Cohorts‘, CEPR Discussion Paper No. 19052. CEPR Press, Paris & London. https://cepr.org/publications/dp19052