Discussion paper

DP3028 The Dynamics of Immigrant Welfare and Labour Market Behaviour

This Paper analyses transitions into and out of three different labour market states: social assistance, unemployment and employment. We estimate a dynamic multinomial logit model, controlling for endogenous initial conditions and unobserved heterogeneity, using a large representative Swedish panel data set, LINDA, for the years 1990-6. The unadjusted data indicates that immigrants are more likely to receive both social assistance and unemployment compensation than natives are. Immigrants are less likely to remain employed in consecutive years than natives are and are more likely to stay on welfare and to receive unemployment insurance in any year, given participation in the previous year. The empirical results suggest that refugee immigrants display a greater degree of ?structural? state dependence than natives. Further, immigrants from non-refugee countries display a similar degree of ?structural? state dependence as natives. The high welfare participation rates among refugee immigrants seem to be due to the existence of a ?welfare trap?, while participation among natives and non-refugee immigrants is largely due to permanent unobserved characteristics. These results suggest that welfare reforms will have differential effects on refugee immigrants and natives


Hansen, J and M Löfström (2001), ‘DP3028 The Dynamics of Immigrant Welfare and Labour Market Behaviour‘, CEPR Discussion Paper No. 3028. CEPR Press, Paris & London. https://cepr.org/publications/dp3028