Discussion paper

DP4938 Forms of Democracy, Policy and Economic Development

The paper combines insights from the recent research programs on constitutions and economic policy, and on history, institutions and growth. Drawing on cross-sectional as well as panel data, it presents new empirical results showing that the form of democracy (rather than democracy vs. non-democracy) has important consequences for the adoption of structural polices that promote long-run economic performance. Reforms into parliamentary (as opposed to presidential), proportional (as opposed to majoritarian) and permanent (as opposed to temporary) democracy appear to produce the most growth-promoting policies.


Persson, T (2005), ‘DP4938 Forms of Democracy, Policy and Economic Development‘, CEPR Discussion Paper No. 4938. CEPR Press, Paris & London. https://cepr.org/publications/dp4938