Discussion paper

DP5915 Strong Goal Independence and Inflation Targets

Inflation targeting has become the monetary policy framework of the nineties. At the other extreme, several central banks have recently adopted key elements of the inflation targeter's toolkit, but at the same time they have made formal declarations that they are not inflation targeters. Such a position may appear surprising. It indirectly suggests that a reneging strategy is beneficial for some. The paper considers reasons why it may be advantageous for some central banks to distinguish themselves from the inflation targeting strategy. Most importantly, we argue that explicit inflation targets can potentially undermine the goal independence of a central bank.


Baltensperger, E, A Fischer and T Jordan (2006), ‘DP5915 Strong Goal Independence and Inflation Targets‘, CEPR Discussion Paper No. 5915. CEPR Press, Paris & London. https://cepr.org/publications/dp5915