DP4744 Intergenerational Education Transmission: Neighbourhood Quality and/or Parents' Involvement

Author(s): Eleonora Patacchini, Yves Zenou
Publication Date: November 2004
Keyword(s): cultural substitution, cultural transmission, education, peer effects
JEL(s): I21, J13, J24
Programme Areas: Public Economics
Link to this Page: www.cepr.org/active/publications/discussion_papers/dp.php?dpno=4744

We develop a model that gives some microfoundation to the impact of residential neighborhood on children’s educational attainment and then test it using the UK National Child Development Study. We find that, for high-educated parents, the better the quality of the neighborhood in terms of human capital, the higher the parent’s involvement in children’s education, indicating cultural complementarity. For highly educated parents, we also find that both parents’ involvement in education and neighborhood’s quality significantly affect the intergenerational transmission of education, the former being more potent than the latter. Low-educated parents do not spend much time educating their offspring and we show that only the quality of the neighborhood has a significant impact on their children’s educational attainment.