Discussion paper

DP17376 Temporary Layoffs, Loss-of-Recall, and Cyclical Unemployment Dynamics

We revisit the role of temporary layoffs in the business cycle. While many have emphasized a stabilizing effect due to recall hiring, we quantify from the data an important countercyclical destabilizing effect due to “loss-of-recall”, whereby workers in temporary-layoff unemployment lose their job permanently. We develop a quantitative model allowing for endogenous flows of workers across employment and both temporary-layoff and jobless unemployment. The model captures both pre- and post-pandemic unemployment dynamics, including the recessionary role of loss-of-recall. We use our structural model to show that the Paycheck Protection program generated sizable employment gains, in part by significantly reducing loss-of-recall.


Gertler, M, C Huckfeldt and A Trigari (2022), ‘DP17376 Temporary Layoffs, Loss-of-Recall, and Cyclical Unemployment Dynamics‘, CEPR Discussion Paper No. 17376. CEPR Press, Paris & London. https://cepr.org/publications/dp17376