DP17500 Quantifying Racial Discrimination in the 1944 G.I. Bill
Did the G.I. bill discriminate against Black World War II veterans? Using a variety of historical sources, I estimate similar average amounts of G.I. benefits received by Black and white World War II veterans. However, there were disparate welfare implications, as white veterans' cash-equivalents of the benefits were, on average, about three-quarters of the government's expenditure, while the average cash-equivalent among Black veterans was only a half of the government's expenditure.