Discussion paper

DP18938 Information-Based Pricing in Specialized Lending

We study specialized lending in a credit market competition model with private information. Two banks, equipped with similar data processing systems, possess "general" signals regarding the borrower's quality. However, the specialized bank gains an additional advantage through further interactions with the borrower, allowing it to access "specialized" signals. In equilibrium, both lenders use general signals to screen loan applications, and the specialized lender prices the loan based on its specialized signal conditional on making a loan. This private-information-based pricing helps deliver the empirical regularity that loans made by specialized lenders have lower rates (i.e., lower winning bids) and better ex-post performance (i.e., lower non-performing loans). We show the robustness of our equilibrium characterization under a generalized information structure, endogenize the specialized lending through information acquisition, and discuss its various economic implications.


Blickle, K, Z He, J Huang and C Parlatore Siritto (2024), ‘DP18938 Information-Based Pricing in Specialized Lending‘, CEPR Discussion Paper No. 18938. CEPR Press, Paris & London. https://cepr.org/publications/dp18938