Discussion paper

DP7168 Disclosure by Politicians

We collect data on the rules and practices of financial and conflict disclosure by politicians in 175 countries. Although two thirds of the countries have some disclosure laws, less than a third make disclosures available to the public. Disclosure is more extensive in richer and more democratic countries. Disclosure is correlated with lower perceived corruption when it is public, when it identifies sources of income and conflicts of interest, and when a country is a democracy.


Shleifer, A, S Djankov, F Lopez-de-Silanes and R La Porta (eds) (2009), “DP7168 Disclosure by Politicians”, CEPR Press Discussion Paper No. 7168. https://cepr.org/publications/dp7168