DP12516 Urbanization Patterns, Information Diffusion and Female Voting in Rural Paraguay

Author(s): Alberto Chong, Gianmarco León-Ciliotta, Vivian Roza, Martin Valdivia, Gabriela Vega
Publication Date: December 2017
Keyword(s): Electoral Politics, Paraguay, spillover effects, Urbanization, Voter Behavior
JEL(s): D71, D72, O10, O53
Programme Areas: Public Economics, Development Economics
Link to this Page: cepr.org/active/publications/discussion_papers/dp.php?dpno=12516

We use a field experiment to evaluate the impact of two informational get-out-the-vote (GOTV) campaigns to boost female electoral participation in Paraguay. We find that public rallies have no effect either on registration or on voter turnout in the 2013 presidential elections. However, households that received door-to-door (D2D) treatment are 4.6 percentage points more likely to vote. Experimental variation on the intensity of the treatment at the locality level allows us to estimate spillover effects, which are present in localities that are geographically more concentrated, and thus may favor social interactions. Reinforcement effects to the already treated population are twice as large as diffusion to the untreated. Our results underscore the importance of taking into account urbanization patterns when designing informational campaigns.