Discussion paper

DP18273 Overborrowing, Underborrowing, and Macroprudential Policy

In this paper, we revisit the scope for macroprudential policy in production economies with pecuniary externalities and collateral constraints. We study competitive equilibria and constrained-efficient equilibria and examine the extent to which the gap between the two depends on the production structure and the policy instruments available to the planner. We argue that macroprudential policy is desirable regardless of whether the competitive equilibrium features more or less borrowing than the constrained-efficient equilibrium. In our quantitative analysis, macroprudential taxes on borrowing turn out to be larger when the government has access to ex-post stabilization policies.


Arce, F, J Bengui and J Bianchi (2023), ‘DP18273 Overborrowing, Underborrowing, and Macroprudential Policy‘, CEPR Discussion Paper No. 18273. CEPR Press, Paris & London. https://cepr.org/publications/dp18273