DP12231 The Puzzle, the Power, and the Dark Side: Forward Guidance Redux

Author(s): Florin Ovidiu Bilbiie
Publication Date: August 2017
Keyword(s): aggregate demand, forward guidance, hand-to-mouth, heterogenous households, Keynesian cross, liquidity trap, Optimal monetary policy, self-insurance
JEL(s): E21, E31, E40, E44, E50, E52, E58, E60, E62
Programme Areas: Monetary Economics and Fluctuations
Link to this Page: cepr.org/active/publications/discussion_papers/dp.php?dpno=12231

Forward guidance (FG) is phenomenally powerful in New Keynesian models---a feature that earned the label "FG puzzle". This paper shows formally how two channels are jointly necessary to reduce the power enough to resolve the puzzle: hand-to-mouth constrained households' income respond to aggregate less than one-to-one; and unconstrained households self-insure idiosyncratic risk. These channels are complementary: if the former condition fails, FG power is instead amplified and the puzzle aggravated. Yet optimal policy does not imply larger FG duration even with such puzzling amplification, because FG power has a dark side: when it increases, so does its welfare cost.