Discussion paper

DP19086 FX Market Frictions in Emerging Market Economies: A Macroeconomic Assessment

We estimate a New Keynesian small open economy model which allows for foreign exchange (FX) market frictions and a potential role for FX interventions for a large set of emerging market economies (EMEs) and some inflation targeting (IT) advanced economy (AE) countries serving as a control group. Next, we use the estimated model to examine the empirical support for the view that interest rate policy may not be sufficient to stabilize output and inflation following capital outflow shocks, and the extent to which FX interventions (FXI) can improve policy tradeoffs. Our results reveal significant structural differences between AEs and EMEs---in particular FX market depth---leading to different transmission of capital outflow shocks which justifies occasional use of FXI in some EMEs in certain situations. Our analysis also highlights the critical importance of accounting for the endogeneity of FXI behavior when assessing FX market depth and policy tradeoffs associated with volatile capital flows in past episodes.


Chen, K, M Kolasa, J Lindé, H Wang, P Zabczyk and J Zhou (2024), ‘DP19086 FX Market Frictions in Emerging Market Economies: A Macroeconomic Assessment‘, CEPR Discussion Paper No. 19086. CEPR Press, Paris & London. https://cepr.org/publications/dp19086